Abstract for F018


Warm Temperate Forest & Woodland [does not occur in Canada]
Forêts et terres boisées de la zone tempérée chaude [absentes du Canada]


Warm Temperate Forest & Woodland is found in North America (Mediterranean Basin and Mediterranean of California, the warm, dry interior of Great Basin and Madrean regions and warm-temperate regions of the Southeast Coastal Plain), Chile, South Africa, Australia, India, and Southeast Asia. The climate is mild with mostly frost-free and often rainy winters, temperate- humid springs, and hot-dry summers. The vegetation varies from (a) dominance by broad-leaved evergreen trees, sometimes with dwarfed stems, and microphyll to small mesophyll leaves, with varying levels of sclerophylly (Mediterranean) to (b) various combinations of broad-leaved deciduous, broad-leaved evergreen or needle-leaved evergreen conifer trees. Natural disturbances include wind and fire.

Source: Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, C. Josse, A. Weakley, D. Tart, G. Navarro, B. Hoagland, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, G. Fults, E. Helmer. 2014. Classification and description of world formation types. Part I (Introduction) and Part II (Description of world formations). Hierarchy Revisions Working Group, Federal Geographic Data Committee, FGDC Secretariat, U.S. Geological Survey. Reston, VA, and NatureServe, Arlington, VA.

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