Abstract for CNVC00008

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Pinus contorta var. contorta / Gaultheria shallon - Vaccinium alaskaense / Cladina spp.

Shore Pine / Salal - Alaskan Blueberry / Reindeer Lichen
Pin tordu côtier / Salal - Airelle d'Alaska / Cladonie

CNVC00008 is a Pacific Coast, open, scrubby coniferous woodland association that occurs on rocky outcrops, from sea level to approximately 850 m, on thin veneers of organic, morainal, or colluvial soils overlying ridged or hummocky bedrock, within a mosaic of essentially bare rock outcrops. Although rare in the northern mainland of British Columbia, it has a potentially wide geographic range in the Coast Mountains and the mountains of Vancouver Island. The open scrubby tree layer is dominated by shore pine (Pinus contorta var. contorta), with some western red cedar (Thuja plicata), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) or Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) at lower elevations, or with yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) and mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana) at higher elevations. The shrub layer is dominated by salal (Gaultheria shallon), with variable coverage of conifer regeneration. The herb layer is very sparse. Reindeer lichens (Cladina spp.) and rock mosses (Racomitrium spp.) dominate the moss / lichen layer.